Anti-Corruption Certification

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Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
Passive corruption

Receiving a bribe or something of value to carry out or abstain from carrying out one’s duties (cf. active corruption)


The support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another

Petty corruption

Everyday abuse of entrusted power by public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who often are trying to access basic goods or services in places like hospitals, schools, police departments and other agencies

Political contribution

A contribution made to a politician or a political campaign or a political party

Political corruption

The use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain

Politically exposed persons

Individuals who hold or held a prominent public function, such as the head of state or government, senior politicians, senior government, judicial or military officials, senior executives of state-owned corporations, or important political party officials. The term often includes their relatives and close associates

Private sector

The part of the national economy that is not under direct state control


The act or process of procuring; i.e. the obtaining of military supplies by a government

Public sector

The part of the economy that is controlled by the state